The simplest of stitches, a straight stitch is a single straight line.
A great stitch for beginners, the running stitch has the appearance of a dashed line.
One of the most often-used and versatile stitches, the back stitch is a basic embroidery stitch which is great for outlines, but can also be used as a fill stitch.
Similar to the back stitch, in the split stitch the stitches are staggered and split, sometimes giving the appearance of a chain.
The pekinese stitch works off of a back stitch, adding a woven thread as a decorative element. It’s much easier than it might look!
Two needles and threads are usually used for couching. One thread is laid on the top of the fabric while the other is used to stitch it in place with little couching stitches.
As the name suggests, the stem stitch is popular for representing stems in florals and other plants. Similar to the back stitch, the stitches are slightly staggered, giving the appearance of the thread being twisted.
Sometimes considered a variation on the fly stitch, the fern stitch is a decorative line stitch often used to represent foliage.
Most often used in counted cross stitch on aida cloth, the cross stitch is simply an x-shaped stitch that can be incorporated decoratively with other embroidery stitches.
Similar to the cross stitch, the herringbone stitch creates a series of x-shaped stitches which are staggered from one another.
Pearl or Coral Stitch
An intermediate stitch that can be used for outlining shapes, the pearl stitch (aka coral stitch) incorporates a knot into the line.